What is Periodontology?

    Periodontology is a branch of science that deals with gingival diseases. All kinds of elements surrounding the tooth, such as a tooth root, fall into the field of periodontology. For periodontology treatments, it is necessary to apply to a periodontist physician who has completed his expertise in this field. All kinds of traumas that occur in the gums are the subject of this field and related improvements are carried out by specialist physicians. After a planned treatment, many patients get rid of their problems by keeping their oral and dental health under control.

    What is the Duty of Periodontology Specialists?

    The teeth are surrounded by a protective shield against sensitivities, and they are prepared for impacts. The duties of periodontology specialists who deal with tissue damage around the teeth are as follows:

    • Regular examinations should be carried out by specialist dentists at the point of achieving a problem-free oral and dental health. Thus, dental problems can be eliminated with early diagnosis.
    • By ignoring the problems that occur in the roots of the teeth or in the gums, with the initiation of late treatments, intraoral deterioration may trigger each other. In order not to deal with these negativities, it is necessary to carry out routine checks and relevant interventions by periodontology specialists.
    • Periodontology specialists aim at maximum improvement in oral and dental health by raising awareness of the patient about how the treatment should be after the diagnosis of the disease and what should be done to prevent the problem from recurring.

    What are Periodontal Diseases?

    All of the deterioration in the gums or dental tissues creates periodontal diseases. Information about periodontal diseases is as follows:

    • Inflammation called gingivitis occurs in the gums. Following the progression of gingivitis by not being treated correctly, the existing deterioration may spread to the bone tissue and conditions such as bone destruction may occur. These types of disorders are included in the classification of periodontal diseases.
    • People who do not show sufficient importance for oral and dental health have a high level of oral bacteria formation. After the bacteria are not cleaned, the damage in the mouth increases day by day and starts to harm the person. Microorganisms called bacterial plaque exist at the junction of the gum and tooth. These formations, which can be cleaned after special care, are acidic.
    • With the right treatment, improvements can occur in a short time in dental tissue damage caused by incorrect or incomplete oral and dental care. Cleaning the bacteria that cause the problem in the treatment of periodontological diseases is the main goal. Thus, no damage will occur again and the patient is conscious of how to prevent bacterial formations by cleaning.

    After all, in order not to encounter a periodontological problem, people should consciously clean their mouth and teeth and have regular check-ups.

    How is the Disease Diagnosed in Periontology?

    Inflammation forms the basis of periontological diseases. For the right treatment, it is necessary to start the processes with the right diagnosis. Diagnosis of the disease in periontology is as follows:

    • First, the patient’s complaints are listened to. The patient is then examined. The current situation is analyzed with complaints.
    • The patient should also talk about past problems, if any. The correct diagnosis is made with the findings obtained in radiographic evaluations.
    • Patients should be properly informed at the stage of supporting the diagnosis with appropriate treatments. Otherwise, existing problems may recur.

    The tricks of oral and dental care should be conveyed to the patients at the point of preventing the recurrence of periontology diseases. The patient, who completes the dental and gingival care correctly, prevents possible problems and prevents a problem from occurring again as much as possible.

    How is Periodontology Treatment?

    Correct diagnosis is needed for correct treatment. After the patients pass the preliminary examination, the treatment is started. Information about periontology treatment, which consists of different stages, is as follows:

    Diagnosis of the Disease;

    • Correct diagnosis is needed for correct treatment.

    Information About the Disease;

    • With the right analyzes at the point of raising the awareness of the patient, it is aimed that the process is skipped slightly and not repeated.

    Professional Cleaning;

    • Most of the periontological disorders are caused by bacteria in the mouth. At this stage, maximum hygiene is aimed with a professional cleaning.
    • In the cleaning process, dental calculus is cleaned with the help of special tools, especially ultrasonic devices.
    • With the technique called subgingival curettage, a deep cleaning is provided and the inside of the mouth becomes resistant to bacteria.
    • Professional cleaning is performed under local anesthesia.
    • After cleaning, the process is completed by polishing the tooth surfaces.

    Antibiotic Treatment;

    • In periontology treatments, this step is not applicable to every patient. If the person’s inflammation continues or pain is felt after the cleaning process, antibiotic treatment can be applied.
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