What is Gum Recession? Why Does It Happen?

For a healthy smile, it is very important that not only the teeth but also the gums are healthy. However, in some cases, various problems may occur in the gums and one of them is “gum recession”. Gum recession is the reduction of the gums by pulling back over the teeth. Let’s better understand gingival recession by examining the causes and treatment methods of this problem.

Causes of Gum Recession:

  • Periodontal Diseases: The most common cause of gingival recession is periodontal diseases. Periodontal diseases are diseases that occur as a result of inflammation of the gums and the structures that support the teeth. Plaque and tartar buildup can cause gum recession by irritating the gums and causing inflammation.
  • Brushing Habits: Brushing the teeth too hard or incorrectly can injure the gums and cause them to retract.
  • Clenching and Grinding (Bruxism): Clenching and grinding of the teeth can lead to constant pressure and recession of the gums.
  • Genetic Predisposition: Some people may be more genetically predisposed to gum recession.
  • Smoking: Smoking can damage the gums and contribute to gum recession.
  • Hormonal Changes: Hormonal changes such as pregnancy or menopause can cause sensitivity and recession in the gums.
  • Mouth Injuries: Intraoral injuries can damage the gums and lead to their recession.

How Is Gum Recession Treated?

  • Treating gum recession can vary depending on the underlying causes. The goal of treatment is to restore the gums and preserve the structures that support the teeth. Treatment methods may include:
  • Professional Teeth Cleaning: Cleaning calculus and plaque can help control periodontal disease, one of the causes of gum recession.
  • Gum Surgery: In severe gingival recessions, surgical intervention may be required to restore the gingiva.
  • Orthodontic Treatment: If the irregularities in the teeth can cause gingival recession, these irregularities can be corrected with orthodontic treatment and the health of the gums can be preserved.
  • Dental Prostheses: Prostheses that replace missing teeth can protect the gums and prevent them from receding.

Remember, early diagnosis and treatment of problems such as gum recession is very important to maintain the health of teeth and gums. With regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene, you can keep your gums healthy and have a beautiful smile.

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